भारतीय दंड संहिता 307: जानलेवा हमला हत्या का आरोप.

Indian Penal Code Section 307: Unlawful Attempt to Murder

Indian Penal Code (IPC) Section 307 deals with the law concerning the unlawful attempt to murder. This serious offense is tantamount to an individual trying to take the life of another person unlawfully. The section focuses on the act of attempting to cause the death of another person, which is a punishable offense under Indian law.

Understanding IPC Section 307

IPC Section 307 is invoked when someone is accused of attempting to commit murder. The key point to note here is the act of attempting; it does not matter whether the attempt was successful or not. The intention to cause the death of another person is what constitutes the offense under this section.

Elements of IPC Section 307

For a person to be charged under Section 307 of the IPC, the prosecution needs to establish certain elements:

1. Intention to Kill – The accused must have had the intention to cause the death of the victim. This intention to kill is a crucial aspect of the offense.

2. Act of Attempting Murder – There must be a direct act towards committing the murder. This act should show a clear intent to cause the death of the victim.

3. Causation of Danger to Life – The act committed by the accused must have put the life of the victim in imminent danger. Even if the victim survives the attempt, the danger posed must be evident.

Punishment under IPC Section 307

The offense under Section 307 is a serious crime and is punishable with imprisonment which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Given the severity of the offense, the punishment is stringent to deter individuals from attempting such heinous acts.

Difference between IPC Section 302 and Section 307

IPC Section 302 deals with murder, which is the actual act of causing the death of another person. In contrast, Section 307 focuses on the attempt to murder someone. The distinction lies in whether the act was completed (murder) or attempted (attempt to murder).

Case Studies

1. State of Rajasthan v. Shera

In this case, the accused was charged under Section 307 for attempting to shoot the victim. The Supreme Court held that the accused’s act of aiming a loaded gun at the victim and pulling the trigger constituted a clear attempt to murder, even though the gun misfired.

2. Raju v. State of Maharashtra

The accused in this case was charged under Section 307 for poisoning the victim with the intent to kill. The court found the accused guilty as the act of poisoning clearly demonstrated the intention to cause the death of the victim.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the difference between Section 307 and Section 308 of the IPC?

While Section 307 deals with the attempt to murder, Section 308 pertains to attempt to commit culpable homicide not amounting to murder. The former involves an attempt to cause the death of a person, while the latter relates to an attempt to cause harm that may not necessarily result in death.

2. Is Section 307 a bailable offense?

Typically, Section 307 is a non-bailable offense due to its serious nature. Bail may be granted under exceptional circumstances, as determined by the court.

3. Can a person be charged under both Section 307 and Section 302 of the IPC?

If an individual attempts to murder someone (Section 307) and is successful in causing the death of the victim, they can be charged under both Section 307 (attempt to murder) and Section 302 (murder), based on the circumstances of the case.

4. What is the role of intent in proving a case under Section 307?

Intent plays a crucial role in establishing an offense under Section 307. The prosecution must demonstrate that the accused had a specific intention to cause the death of the victim through their actions.

5. Can Section 307 be compoundable?

In general, offenses under Section 307 are considered non-compoundable, meaning that they cannot be settled between the parties involved, and legal proceedings must take their course.


In conclusion, Indian Penal Code Section 307 addresses the unlawful attempt to murder someone. This offense is taken seriously under the law, and individuals charged under this section face significant legal consequences. The presence of intent to cause the death of another person is a key element in proving this crime. It is essential for individuals to be aware of the legal implications of attempting to commit such a heinous act and the punishment that follows.

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